Like most regional cuisines, Kentucky's cooking has had many influences. Native Americans, there when the first settlers arrived, introduced corn and many of their uses for it with cornmeal, grits, hominy. Settlers from the British Isles brought farming principles and techniques for preserving ham and distilling whiskey. African Americans played an important part in the development, serving as cooks in the South. Their use of unique seasonings, a variety of greens, and okra, all can be traced back to Africa.
The varied regions of Kentucky have contributed their own unique foods and dishes to the state's culinary evolution. Louisville's influences come from its grand hotels, mix of ethnic backgrounds, and foods associated with the Kentucky Derby. Central Kentucky has contributed its farm-style cooking, while the Appalachian Mountain region is known for its "country dishes", due to isolation and subsistence farming lifestyle. The Western part of the state is noted for its mutton barbecue.
Many of the fine regional dishes were refined in Kentucky inns. Some of the early inns are still in operation today. Bardstown's Old Talbott Tavern, Berea's Boone Tavern, and Harrodsburg's Beaumont Inn are a few examples. Restaurant dining, especially in Louisville and Lexington, has developed over the years to rival that of any other metropolitan area.
Many Kentuckians have contributed to the culinary arts. Duncan Hines was one of the first to compile a dining guide that became widely accepted, and is probably most remembered for lending his name to the one of the earliest cake mixes. Dean Fearing, from Ashland, wrote the cookbook Mansion on Turtle Creek, and is widely regarded as the Chef responsible for starting many of the Southwestern food trends in America. Other authors like Camille Glenn, Cissy Gregg, and Marion Flexner have produced wonderful classic cookbooks, helping preserve the heritage of Kentucky cuisine.
Reference: "Overview of Kentucky Cuisine" - Beaumont Inn, Harrodsburg, Kentucky.
Thanks to Executive Chef Nick Sundberg of the Beaumont Inn of Harrodsburg, Kentucky, who shares some of his own traditional Derby recipes.